Any philosophical system is supposed to unravel the mystery of
the problems of man, the world and God. Aiming for wisdom,
philosphers fall back upon the mind and intellect as providers
of solution. But they ought to have realised by now that the
human mind and intellect are inadequate tools for the task at
hand. How can mere thinking and arm-chair theorising solve the
nagging problems of reality, streching from here to eternity?
In fact, the whole process resembles the bare-body cycling to
the north pole.
Luckily for mankind, the ancient indian philosophers specify a
definitive approach, prompting the investigators to go beyond
the intellect. The problems of philosophy, involving esoteric
areas such as metaphysics, epistemology, ontology, cosmology,
theology, psychology lie beyond the grasp of the mental
equipment. The philosophical investigations should take one
beyond language and logic. The truth, as yet uncomprehended,
is infinitely more than what is known and talked about. One
cannot fight a giant with a kitchen knife.
The philosophers in India, called tattvajnaanins, acquired
enlightenment and wisdom through the practice of yogic
meditation. They were identified as vedic Maharshis, meaning,
the vedic philosophers. The vedas, classified into four books,
are the compendium of spiritual perception, experienced
directly by the practice of yoga. But in the yogic parlance,
veda is never treated as mere books. In fact, Yogi Achyuta
terms veda as self-actualization. Verily, Veda is realised
through yoga only. Here yoga implies its practice, actual
physical practice, and never verbal punditry.
saadhanaa we mean a method, a technique, a means of
accomplishing some objective. It is the way leading one to
self-actualization and beyond.
When a tattvajnaanin routinely means a philospher,
tattva-darshanaa means the system of philosophy. Here, mere
speculation and theorising is replaced by direct experience of
everything that is there to know. Truth and reality are
actually perceived and experienced, through the vigorous
practice of yoga.
There is yet another term to be understood in this context
that is vidyaa. By vidyaa one should not mean education; it
actually means self-actualisation. Thus, both Veda and vidyaa
mean just self-actualisation. Vidyaa is affixed both to veda
and yoga, to signify self-actualisation brought about by the
saadhanaa of veda or yoga.
Darshanaa means vision, seeing; what is implied by the term is
that truth and reality are directly perceived and experiened.
He who has envisioned it is a true philospher. He is a
darshaka. Such darshakas are called Maharishis. Yoga-vidyaa
saadhanaa is the appropriate and powerful means of reaching
the supreme state of realization.